The normal dysfunction of higher ed was clarified for me by a professor at ASU. He was explaining how impossible it was to create a curriculum map. He said that they have potentially 10 or more versions of any given class, often under different departments entirely. Those 10 versions of the class are taught 10 completely different ways with no more than a nod to outcomes and objectives. So, trying to find “the” course of truth to use for a large-scale experience is impossible. They ended up creating yet another version from scratch. That description is not only the opposite of innovative, it’s not even inline with the most effective practices for education.